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Wind Energy Financing with USDA 

The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) is at the cutting edge of supporting sustainable development through its ingenious wind energy lending program. These types of loans, especially ones that help to open green energy projects, enjoy an array of features and benefits that are attractive to both investors and project developers.

by | Nov 17, 2023

Harnessing Wind Power

Wind power can be considered a highly efficient alternative to the consumption of foreign oil and is also one of the viable ways of cutting down greenhouse emissions. Nevertheless, winding up wind power is not a smooth road without obstacles. It requires significant sums of equity capital and plenty of land, mostly located in the countryside.

Distributed Wind Projects


Understanding USDA Wind Energy Loans

Wind energy projects can take various forms, from large arrays dotting hillsides to smaller, distributed facilities spread throughout rural locations. These small and distributed wind projects have great potential and could provide solutions to energy self-sufficiency, grid stability, job opportunities, and economic recovery in rural communities.

USDA-Backed Loans

At the USDA’s core of renewable energy promotion are loan programs, a vital source of financial assistance for project developers and investors. These loans, guaranteed by the USDA and channelled through reputable lenders, have competitive rates and a friendly repayment schedule, which make them the preferred lending channel for the development of wind energy projects.

Repayment Terms

Eligible Projects
  1. Knowing the repayment terms for loans for renewable energy projects must be a top priority for any potential lender. USDA wind energy loans normally have a repayment term of up to 20 years combined with a fixed and competitive rate of interest being the rule. Furthermore, these credit lines could incur prepayment penalties if paid off early, so it is something to consider when making financial arrangements.

    REAP Initiative

    A key pillar of the USDA’s initiatives is the Rural Energy for America Program (REAP) which provides assistance to rural small businesses and farms with renewable energy systems and energy efficiency. This wind energy program, especially at its monetary support level, does not only promote economic growth but also environmental sustainability in rural areas.

    Promoting Economic Growth

The Role of System for Award Management (SAM) in REAP Applications

The outcomes of REAP have not only focused on specific projects that go beyond the economic growth and sustainability of rural regions. The local economies are stimulated by the downfall of dependence on non-renewable energy sources as well as cost reduction for businesses and agricultural organizations. Subsequently, new job openings are created.

Eligibility Criteria

The availability of REAP funding for a particular project hinges on a set of determinants such as the project location, the origin of income, and the environmental standards that are followed. However, applicants will need to meet strict criteria and go through a comprehensive assessment to verify their ideas and make sure they will be feasible and well-sustained. 

Wind Energy Financing with USDA Requirements


Location: Qualified applicants must reside in rural areas as designated by the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Rural areas usually refer to the rural parts of the country that are away from large cities with a dense population.

Agricultural Producers: The groups of people who are eligible for REAP grants include farm producers and agricultural practitioners for example ranchers and farmers. These individuals or entities, however, must obtain substantial income from agriculture.

Rural Small Businesses: REAP may also offer grants to rural small businesses such as those that are not agricultural-related. These businesses are to be located in rural areas and must satisfy the Small Business Administration’s requirements for small businesses.

Renewable Energy Systems: REAP grants may finance different types of renewable energy infrastructure, such as solar panels, wind turbines, biomass systems, wind projects, geothermal systems, and hydroelectric power systems. It is imperative that these systems are utilized for power generation needs.

Energy Efficiency Improvements: The money that comes from REAP grants can be used to finance energy efficiency improvements. This includes all the energy-saving and budget-reducing projects like replacing old lamps, HVAC systems and thermal insulation.

Energy Audits: Grants can be used to pay for an energy audit which will in turn reveal the areas in a given building or facility that will require energy efficiency improvements.

Project Size: There is no specified size for the REAP grants and small-scale initiatives are usually preferred. Smaller or community-oriented projects may still be eligible, though this will be on the condition of providing important community and environmental benefits.

Cost-Share Requirement: It is usually mandatory for the applicant to fund a part of the project at his own cost, which is known as cost-share. The actual percentage needed may be different based on different types or size of project.

Environmental Compliance: Any applicant for the grants should strictly follow all federal, state, and local environmental laws and regulations.

Application Process

Distinct Features of Energy Efficiency and Conservation Loan Program

Applying for both a USDA loan and a REAP grant involves careful planning and paying due attention to details. Applicants should fill out application forms manually or electronically, collect relevant project information and financial data, and within the deadline provide all the paperwork.

Wind energy has been the major alternative source of energy and the USDA is one of the stakeholders in the creation of wind farms in the US.

Utility-Scale Wind Farms

Utility-scale wind farms are large-scale power plants that create electric energy for transmission through the grid. These projects usually include different wind turbines that are situated in areas with constant and strong wind. USDA finance is vital for the development, implementation, and operation of utility-scale wind farms, which contribute to clean, sustainable energy on a large scale.

Community-Owned Wind Projects

Community owned wind projects include local communities or cooperatives who own and operate wind turbines for the purpose of generating electricity. The projects involving the community members not only promote participation but also ownership and sustainability at the local economic level. The USDA financing allows communities to invest in and enjoy the development of wind energy plants owned by the community.

Distributed Wind Systems:


Benefits of USDA Wind Energy Loans for Rural Development

Distributed wind power facilities are comprised of small wind power projects, which are deployed on or in the vicinity of the electricity consumption area. The variety of systems can be as simple as a single wind turbine that serves a particular home or business or community-scale wind farms that supply power to a local community. 

USDA loans promote the establishment and management of distributed wind systems, which consequently improves the level of energy independence and resilience in rural communities.

Farm Operations Wind Turbines

Wind turbines for agricultural operations are developed to cover the energy requirements of farms and ranches, thus, eliminating the necessity to use conventional energy sources and decreasing operational costs. These turbines can supply electricity for irrigation, heating, cooling, and other agricultural processes. USDA financing helps farmers and ranchers in putting wind turbines on their farms with the purpose of promoting sustainable agriculture and reducing carbon emissions.

Small Business Owner Wind Power Projects

Rural small businesses can benefit from wind energy by installing wind turbines to meet their energy needs and reduce their operating costs. Such businesses could be the factories, shops, restaurants, and other businesses located in rural areas. USDA financing helps rural small businesses to buy wind power, which in turn brings economic growth and sustainability in rural communities.

Underutilized Renewable Energy Technologies

While wind energy is the spotlight of the USDA initiatives, other renewable energy technologies are ignored. Advanced biofuels, for example, provide an opportunity to reduce energy consumption and promote sustainability. Through its support of a wide spectrum of renewable energy technologies, USDA loans contribute significantly to the development of innovation and progress in the renewable energy field.

Energy Efficiency and Conservation Loan Program

Besides easing the way for renewable energy projects, the USDA offers the Energy Efficiency and Conservation Revolving Loan Program too. This program, precisely because of its focus on energy savings and efficiency innovations, complements REAP’s efforts by eventually encouraging good resource uses and lowering the energy consumption level.


Therefore, the USDA wind energy loan programs promote sustainable development and passively impact climate change. They encourage innovation and economic prosperity in rural towns and villages. Flaney Capital is here to support you every step of the way to unlock access to USDA wind energy financing. Call us at 1-888-822-0844.

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Are you ready to take your business to new heights? Discover the power of the USDA Business Industry Program. With its comprehensive eligibility criteria, underwriting requirements, and loan guarantees, this program provides accessible and affordable loan options for businesses in rural areas.


Here are some answers to Frequently Asked Questions.

What is NRCS EQIP funding?

NRCS EQIP funding refers to financial assistance from the Natural Resources Conservation Service’s Water and Environmental Quality Incentives Program to promote agricultural production while enhancing environmental quality.

Can I combine REAP with other USDA programs?

Yes, it’s possible. For instance, REAP can intersect with NRCS EQIP funding, allowing you to maximize the benefits of both programs.

How does SAM relate to REAP applications?

System for Award Management (SAM) is an official website of the U.S. government that helps manage award processes, including those related to REAP applications.